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A. Applicability and Minimum Requirement. All uses, with the exception of residential units with a garage and uses in the C-1-D zone, are required to provide a minimum of two sheltered bike parking spaces pursuant to this section. The required bicycle parking shall be constructed when an existing residential building or dwelling is altered or enlarged by the addition or creation of dwelling units, or when a non-residential use is intensified by the addition of floor space, seating capacity, or change in use.

B. Calculation. Fractional spaces shall be rounded up to the next whole space.

C. Bicycle Parking for Residential Uses. Every residential use of two or more dwelling units per structure and not containing a garage for each dwelling shall provide bicycle parking spaces as follows.

1. Multi-Family Residential. One sheltered space per studio unit or one-bedroom unit; 1.5 sheltered spaces per two-bedroom unit; and two sheltered spaces per three-bedroom unit.

2. Senior Housing. One sheltered space per eight dwelling units where 80 percent of the occupants are 55 or older.

D. Bicycle Parking for Non-Residential Uses. Uses required to provide off street parking, except as specifically noted, shall provide two spaces per primary use, or one bicycle parking space for every five required automobile parking spaces, whichever is greater. Fifty percent of the bicycle parking spaces required shall be sheltered from the weather. All spaces shall be located in proximity to the uses they are intended to serve.

E. Bicycle Parking for Parking Lots and Structures. All public parking lots and structures shall provide two spaces per primary use, or one bicycle parking space for every five automobile parking spaces, of which 50 percent shall be sheltered.

F. Primary and Secondary Schools. Elementary, Junior High, Middle, and High Schools shall provide one sheltered bicycle parking space for every five students.

G. Colleges, Universities, and Trade Schools. Colleges, universities, and trade schools shall provide one bicycle parking space for every five required automobile parking spaces, of which 50 percent shall be sheltered.

H. No Fee for Use. No bicycle parking spaces required by this standard shall be rented or leased, however, a refundable deposit fee may be charged. This does not preclude a bike parking rental business.

I. Bicycle Parking Design Standards.

1. Bicycle parking shall be located so that it is visible to and conveniently accessed by cyclists, and promotes security from theft and damage.

2. Bicycle parking requirements, pursuant to this section, can be met in any of the following ways.

a. Providing bicycle racks or lockers outside the main building, underneath an awning or marquee, or in an accessory parking structure.

b. Providing a bicycle storage room, bicycle lockers, or racks inside the building. Providing bicycle racks on the public right of way, subject to review and approval by the Staff Advisor.

3. All required exterior bicycle parking shall be located on-site and within 50 feet of a regularly used building entrance and not farther from the entrance than the closest motor vehicle parking space. Bicycle parking shall have direct access to both the public right-of-way and to the main entrance of the principal use. For facilities with multiple buildings, building entrances or parking lots (such as a college), exterior bicycle parking shall be located in areas of greatest use and convenience for bicyclists.

4. Required bicycle parking spaces located out of doors shall be visible enough to provide security. Lighting shall be provided in a bicycle parking area so that all facilities are thoroughly illuminated and visible from adjacent walkways or motor vehicle parking lots during all hours of use. Bicycle parking shall be at least as well lit as automobile parking.

5. Paving and Surfacing. Outdoor bicycle parking facilities shall be surfaced in the same manner as the automobile parking area or with a minimum of two inch thickness of hard surfacing (i.e., asphalt, concrete, pavers, or similar material) and shall be relatively level. This surface will be maintained in a smooth, durable, and well-drained condition

6. Bicycle parking located outside the building shall provide and maintain an aisle for bicycle maneuvering between each row of bicycle parking. Bicycle parking including rack installations shall conform to the minimum clearance standards as illustrated in Figure

Figure Bike Parking Layout

7. A bicycle parking space located inside of a building for employee bike parking shall be a minimum of six feet long by three feet wide by four feet high.

8. Each required bicycle parking space shall be accessible without moving another bicycle.

9. Areas set aside for required bicycle parking shall be clearly marked and reserved for bicycle parking only.

10. Sheltered parking shall mean protected from all precipitation and must include the minimum protection coverages as illustrated in Figure

Figure Covered Bike Parking Layout

Figure Covered Bike Parking Layout

11. Bicycle parking shall be located to minimize the possibility of accidental damage to either bicycles or racks. Where needed, barriers shall be installed.

12. Bicycle parking shall not impede or create a hazard to pedestrians. They shall not be located so as to violate the vision clearance standards of section Bicycle parking facilities should be harmonious with their environment both in color and design. Facilities should be incorporated whenever possible into building design or street furniture.

J. Bicycle Parking Rack Standards. The intent of the following standards is to ensure that required bicycle racks are designed so that bicycles may be securely locked to them without undue inconvenience and will be reasonably safeguarded from intentional or accidental damage.

1. Bicycle parking racks shall consist of staple-design or inverted-u steel racks meeting the individual rack specifications as illustrated in Figure The Staff Advisor, following review by the Transportation Commission, may approve alternatives to the above standards. Alternatives shall conform to all other applicable standards of this section.

Figure Bicycle Parking Rack

2. Commercial bike lockers are acceptable according to manufacturer's specifications.

3. Bicycle parking racks or lockers shall be anchored securely.

4. Bicycle racks shall hold bicycles securely by means of the frame. The frame shall be supported so that the bicycle cannot be pushed or fall to one side in a manner that will damage the wheels. Bicycle racks shall accommodate all of the following.

a. Locking the frame and both wheels to the rack with a high-security U-shaped shackle lock, if the bicyclist removes the front wheel.

b. Locking the frame and one wheel to the rack with a high-security U-shaped shackle lock, if the bicyclist leaves both wheels on the bicycle.

c. Locking the frame and both wheels to the rack with a chain or cable not longer than six feet without removal of the front wheel.