Except for single-family dwellings, the off-street parking spaces may be reduced through the application of the following credits. The total maximum reduction in off-street parking spaces is 50 percent, except as allowed for Off-Site Shared Parking credits in subsection 18.4.3.060.E, below. The approval authority may require a parking analysis prepared by a qualified professional. See 18.4.3.030.A.3 for parking analysis requirements.
A. On-Street Parking Credit. Credit for on-street parking spaces may reduce the required off-street parking spaces up to 50 percent, as follows.
1. Credit. One off-street parking space credit for one on-street parking space meeting the standards of subsections 2-4, below. See Figure 18.4.3.060.A.1.
2. Dimensions. On-street parking shall follow the established configuration of existing on-street parking, except that 45-degree diagonal parking may be allowed with the approval of the Public Works Director, taking into account traffic flows and street design, with the parking spaces designed in accord with the standards on file with the Public Works Department.
a. Parallel parking, each 22 feet of uninterrupted curb.
b. 45-degree diagonal, each 12 feet of uninterrupted curb.
a. Curb space must be contiguous to the lot containing the use that requires the parking.
b. Parking spaces may not be counted that are within 20 feet measured along the curb of any corner or intersection of an alley or street, nor any other parking configuration that violates any law or standard of the City or State.
c. Parking spaces located on arterials and collectors may only receive credit if the arterial or collector is greater in width than the minimums established by the street standards in section 18.4.6.040.
d. Parking spaces may not be counted that are within 200 feet of a C-1-D or SOU zone.
e. Parking spaces may not be counted that are required as on-street parking in accordance with section 18.3.9.060 in a development under the Performance Standards Option.
4. Availability. On-street parking spaces credited for a specific use shall not be used exclusively by that use, but shall be available for general public use at all times. No signage or actions limiting general public use of on-street spaces shall be permitted.
B. Alternative Vehicle Parking. Alternative vehicle parking facilities may reduce the required off-street parking spaces up to 25 percent, as follows.
1. Motorcycle or scooter parking. One off-street parking space credit for four motorcycle or scooter parking spaces.
2. Bicycle parking. One off-street parking space credit for five additional, non-required bicycle parking spaces.
C. Mixed Uses. In the event that several users occupy a single structure or parcel of land, the total requirements for off-street automobile parking shall be the sum of the requirements for the several uses computed separately unless it can be shown that the peak parking demands are offset, in which case the mixed-use credit may reduce the off-street parking requirement by a percentage equal to the reduced parking demand. A mixed-use parking credit may reduce the required off-street parking spaces up to 50 percent.
D. Joint Use of Facilities. Required parking facilities of two or more uses, structures, or parcels of land may be satisfied by the same parking facilities used jointly, to the extent that it can be shown by the owners or operators that the need for the facilities does not materially overlap (e.g., uses primarily of a daytime vs. nighttime nature) and provided that such right of joint use is evidenced by a deed, lease, contract, or similar written instrument establishing such joint use. Jointly-used parking facilities may reduce the required off-street parking spaces up to 50 percent.
E. Off-Site Shared Parking. One off-street parking space credit for every one parking space constructed in designated off-site shared parking areas, or through payment of in-lieu-of-parking fees for a common parking. Off-site shared parking facilities may reduce the required off-street parking spaces up to 100 percent.
F. TDM Plan Credit. Through implementation of an individual Transportation Demand Management (TDM) plan that demonstrates a reduction of long-term parking demand by a percentage equal to the credit requested. A TDM plan may reduce the required off-street parking spaces up to 50 percent.
G. Transit Facilities Credit. Sites where at least 20 spaces are required and where at least one lot line abuts a street with transit service may substitute transit-supportive plazas as follows. A Transit Facilities Credit may reduce the required off-street parking spaces up to 50 percent.
1. Pedestrian and transit supportive plazas may be substituted for up to ten percent of the required parking spaces on-site.
2. A street with transit service shall have a minimum of 30-minute peak period transit service frequency.
3. Existing parking areas may be converted to take advantage of these provisions.
4. The plaza must be adjacent to and visible from the transit street. If there is a bus stop along the site’s frontage, the plaza must be adjacent to the bus stop.
5. The plaza must be at least 300 square feet in area and be shaped so that a ten-foot by ten-foot (10 feet X 10 feet) square will fit entirely in the plaza.
6. The plaza must include all of the following elements.
a. A plaza that is open to the public. The owner must record a public access easement that allows public access to the plaza.
b. A bench or other sitting area with at least five linear feet of seating.
c. A shelter or other weather protection. The shelter must cover at least 20 square feet and the plaza must be landscaped. This landscaping is in addition to any other landscaping or screening required for parking areas by this ordinance.