A. Requirements for Subdivisions, Performance Standards Developments, or Partitions.
1. A Fire Prevention and Control Plan shall be required with the submission of any application for an outline plan approval of a Performance Standards Development, preliminary plat of a subdivision, or application to partition land where the site contains area designated as Wildfire Hazard.
2. The Staff Advisor shall forward the Fire Prevention and Control Plan to the Fire Chief within three days of the receipt of a completed application. The Fire Chief shall review the Fire Prevention and Control Plan, and submit a written report to the Staff Advisor no less than seven days before the scheduled hearing. The Fire Chief's report shall be a part of the record of the Planning Action.
3. The Fire Prevention and Control Plan, prepared at the same scale as the development plans, shall include the following items.
a. An analysis of the fire hazards on the site from wildfire, as influenced by existing vegetation and topography.
b. A map showing the areas that are to be cleared of dead, dying, or severely diseased vegetation.
c. A map of the areas that are to be thinned to reduce the interlocking canopy of trees.
d. A tree management plan showing the location of all trees that are to be preserved and removed on each lot. In the case of heavily forested parcels, only trees scheduled for removal shall be shown.
e. The areas of primary and secondary fuel breaks that are required to be installed around each structure, as required by 22.214.171.124.B.
f. Roads and driveways sufficient for emergency vehicle access and fire suppression activities, including the slope of all roads and driveways within the Wildfire Lands area.
4. Approval Criteria. The hearing authority shall approve the Fire Prevention and Control Plan when, in addition to the findings required by this chapter, the additional finding is made that the wildfire hazards present on the property have been reduced to a reasonable degree, balanced with the need to preserve and/or plant a sufficient number of trees and plants for erosion prevention, wildlife habitat, and aesthetics.
5. The hearing authority may require, through the imposition of conditions attached to the approval, the following requirements as deemed appropriate for the development of the property.
a. Delineation of areas of heavy vegetation to be thinned and a formal plan for such thinning.
b. Clearing of sufficient vegetation to reduce fuel load.
c. Removal of all dead and dying trees.
d. Relocation of structures and roads to reduce the risks of wildfire and improve the chances of successful fire suppression.
6. The Fire Prevention and Control Plan shall be implemented during the public improvements required of a subdivision or Performance Standards Development, and shall be considered part of the subdivider's obligations for land development. The plan shall be implemented prior to the issuance of any building permit for structures to be located on lots created by partitions and for subdivisions or Performance Standards developments not requiring public improvements. The Fire Chief, or designee, shall inspect and approve the implementation of the Fire Prevention and Control Plan, and the Plan shall not be considered fully implemented until the Fire Chief has given written notice to the Staff Advisor that the plan was completed as approved by the hearing authority.
7. In subdivisions or Performance Standards Developments, provisions for the maintenance of the Fire Prevention and Control Plan shall be included in the covenants, conditions and restrictions for the development, and the City shall be named as a beneficiary of such covenants, restrictions, and conditions.
8. On lots created by partitions, the property owner shall be responsible for maintaining the property in accord with the requirements of the Fire Prevention and Control Plan approved by the hearing authority.
B. Requirements for Construction of All Structures.
1. Applicability. All new construction and any construction expanding the size of an existing structure shall have a fuel break as defined below.
2. General Fuel Break Requirements. A fuel break is defined as an area that is free of dead or dying vegetation, and has native, fast-burning species sufficiently thinned so that there is no interlocking canopy of this type of vegetation. Where necessary for erosion control or aesthetic purposes, the fuel break may be planted in slow-burning species. Establishment of a fuel break does not involve stripping the ground of all native vegetation. Fuel breaks may include structures, and shall not limit distance between structures and residences beyond that required by other sections of this ordinance.
3. Primary Fuel Break. A primary fuel break will be installed, maintained and shall extend a minimum of 30 feet, or to the property line, whichever is less, in all directions around structures, excluding fences, on the property. The goal within this area is to remove ground cover that will produce flame lengths in excess of one foot. Such a fuel break shall be increased by ten feet for each ten percent increase in slope over ten percent. Adjacent property owners are encouraged to cooperate on the development of primary fuel breaks.
4. Secondary Fuel Break. A secondary fuel break will be installed, maintained and shall extend a minimum of 100 feet beyond the primary fuel break where surrounding landscape is owned and under the control of the property owner during construction. The goal of the secondary fuel break is to reduce fuels so that the overall intensity of any wildfire is reduced through fuels control.
5. Roofing. All structures shall be constructed or re-roofed with Class B or better non-wood roof coverings, as determined by the Oregon Structural Specialty Code. All re-roofing of existing structures in the Wildfire Lands area for which at least 50 percent of the roofing area requires re-roofing shall be done under approval of a zoning permit. No structure shall be constructed or re-roofed with wooden shingles, shakes, wood-product material or other combustible roofing material, as defined in the City's building code.
C. Fuel breaks in areas which are also Erosive or Slope Failure Lands shall be included in the erosion control measures outlined in section 18.3.10.090 Development Standards for Hillside Lands.
1. For land that have been subdivided and required to comply with subsection 126.96.36.199.A.6, above, all requirements of the plan shall be complied with prior to the commencement of construction with combustible materials.
2. For all other structures, the vegetation control requirements of subsection 188.8.131.52.B, above, shall be complied with before the commencement of construction with combustible materials on the lot.
3. As of November 1, 1994, existing residences in subdivisions developed outside of the Wildfire Lands Zone, but later included due to amendments to the zone boundaries shall be exempt from the requirements of this zone, with the exception of subsection 184.108.40.206.B.5, above. All new residences shall comply with all standards for new construction in subsection 220.127.116.11.B.
4. Subdivisions developed outside of the wildfire lands zone prior to November 1, 1994, but later included as part of the zone boundary amendment, shall not be required to prepare or implement Fire Prevention and Control Plans outlined in subsection 18.104.22.168.A.